Wednesday, November 4, 2009

Canon: AE-1

When: 1976.
Why: First camera with the microprocessor. First SLR to be sold in millions of units.

The second "why" is actually coming from the first one. The camera was really easy to use (due to the CPU advantages), so many amateur photographers were excited to get it. More than 5 million cameras were sold in total. These days almost every film camera has a microprocessor in it. Also, microprocessor is one of the most important parts inside of all the digital cameras on the market.

Monday, September 14, 2009

Olympus: Pen F

When: 1963
Why: First 35mm half-frame SLR camera.

Compact camera with SLR features and interchangeable lenses? Here it is. This was a successful model and it was followed by Pen FT and Pen FV. Accepts a wide range of prime and zoom lenses from 20mm to 800mm.

Friday, July 17, 2009

Polaroid: SX-70

When: 1972-1977
Why: First truly folding SLR camera, First instant-film SLR camera.

Apparently Polaroid had to create an SLR camera for their instant film. Luckily they made it really portable, and it became somewhat popular. There were many variations later (I was able to find at least 28 different models). There were also non-folding models of SX-70 and numerous international versions which were similar to the USA models. SX-70 model lines were manufactured until 1986 (1982 by some sources), and the compatible film was discontinued in 2006.

Saturday, June 27, 2009

Ihagee: Exakta Vest Pocket

When: 1933
Why: First 127 film SLR.

The first model was known as just "Exakta". This camera is also called Vest Pocket (VP) because of the 127 film, which was originally introduced by Kodak for its "Vest Pocket Kodak" camera. Some of the cameras were fitted with extremely fast f1.9 or f2 lens for those years, and they were called "Night Exakta".

Ihagee: Kine Exakta

When: 1936
Why: First production version of 35mm SLR, first system SLR, first interchangeable lens camera with bayonet lens mount

Ihagee was already known for the first 127 film SLR in 1933 and just in three years they introduced a first 35mm SLR too. But here is why I had to add "production" word: the first 35mm SLR prototype was a Soviet Union camera named Sport (Спорт) in 1934. Unfortunately it didn't go into production for another three years, so Ihagee stepped in first.

Monday, January 12, 2009

Hasselblad 1600F

When: 1948.
Why: First trully modular SLR camera.

Hasselblad cameras are still used by professionals (mostly) and they still have the same modular design - interchangeable everything: lens, back, viewfinder. 1600F was the first camera by Hasselblad (excluding military aicraft models) in their long line of medium format SLRs. These cameras are somewhat expensive, but they offer excellent flexibility. These days you can even get a digital back that attaches to the same film body.